Carrier-based fighter Su-27K (Su-33)
Komsomolsk-on Amur Aircraft Production Association named after Gagarin (KnAAPO).
In 1982 in the Naval Aviation Training Centre (Crimea) at Novo-Fyedorovka near Saki was built a special ground-based testbed, with a ski-jump (Russian: tramplin = spring-board)and 4-line deck arrestor - Nazyemniy Ispitatyelno-Trenirovochniy Komplyeks (NITKA) = Ground Test-Training Complex system, where first MiG-29KVP and Su-27 were tested in 1982 (piloted by A.Fastoviets and N.Sadovnikov respectively). First ski-jump was built in 1982: height 5 m, length 60 m, width 30 m, inclination 8,5o. Different prototypes were tested: T10-3, T10-24, T10-25, T10K-1, T8-4, T8-UTG1, MiG-29K , experimental MiG-27. Second ski-jump (similar to "Tbilisi") was built in 1984: height 5,6 m, length 53,6 m, width 17,5 m, inclination 14o. Base is now in Ukraine, so is hired by Russia since 1994.
Project 1143 (Tyazholiy Avianiesushchiy Kryeysyer TAKR = aircraft-carrying heavy cruisers):
 Retired, sold to China, displayed in public park at Tianjin. Not operational.
 Retired, sold to China, displayed in military park at Shenzhen. Not operational.
 Retired, sold to Indian Navy as Vikramaditya. Not operational yet. Will be equipped with MiG-29K/KUB fighters.
 Only one still operational in Russian Navy.
 Built in Nikolayev shipyard, in 1998 sold by Ukraine to China. In 2002 the hulk reached Dalian shipyard (through the Dardanelle and around Africa), to be used as hotel, casino and entertainment centre by Chong Lot Travel Agency; not operational. Since about 2004 prepared to enter military service in Chinese Navy PLAN, even some sea trials in 2011. Unofficial name: Shi Lang.
 Scraped before entering service.
Current (2011) status:
Su-27K (based at Syevyeromorsk, few Su-25UTG, Ka-27PL and Ka-27PS) are operational on TAKR "Admiral Kuznyetsov" (based at Murmansk).
|T10-37||1st prototype T10K-1||08.1987||blue 37|
White nose; first one-seater T10 with air refueling probe; destroyed 1988 by N. Sadovnikov.
|T10-39||2nd prototype T10K-2||12.1987||blue 39|
Prototype was built by Sukhoi Design Bureau in cooperation with KnAAPO. The first flight performed by the design bureau's test pilot N.F. Sadovnikov. First landing on air-carrier 11.1989 performed by Pugachov on Admiral of the USSR Fleet Kuznyetsov; pattern to preproduction aircrafts.
|?||02-01||1989||?||For static tests; 1997 rebuilt to T10KUB-0 for static tests.|
|T10K-3||3rd prototype T10K-3||02.1990||blue 49 (?)||After USSR split left in Ukraine. In 2003 probably (or T10K-7) bought by China to reverse engineering and to build J-15, Chinese version of Su-33.|
04.1999 rebuilt to 1st prototype of Su-27KUB - carrier-based combat aircraft, fighter and trainer with two seat side-by-side. Designation of project is T10KUB. A prototype T10KUB-1 (no. 21) was built in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in 1995-1998 and assembled in Moscow. First flight of T10KUB: 29th April 1999 by V.G. Pugachov and S.N. Melnikov.
In 2001 Su-27KUB was equipped with radar Zhuk (=Beetle) produced by Fazotron, 2003 - Zhuk MFS produced by Nizhniy Novgorod Aircraft Building Plant Sokol, 2003 - engines AL-31F-3 with TVC nozzles and 2005 - canard foreplanes with new shape.
In 2001 appeared informations about second prototype of Su-27KUB (T10KUB-2), supposed to be built by KnAAPO and project T10KM - "land" version of Su-27KUB, prepared by KnAAPO.
2011: still flying.
|T10K-5||preproduction||1990||blue 69||grey, later white nose|
|T10K-6||preproduction (03-01)||01.1991||blue 79||grey, later white nose. Well known from MAKS.|
|T10K-7||preproduction (03-02)||02.1991||blue 89||After USSR split left in Ukraine. In 2003 probably (or T10K-3) bought by China to reverse engineering and to build J-15, Chinese version of Su-33.|
|T10K-8||preproduction (03-03)||04.1991||blue 99 (?)||Destroyed 07.1991 by T. Apakidze.|
|T10K-9||preproduction (03-04)||06.1991||blue 109||initially without number, later 109. grey nose, big Russian flag on fins. Well known from MAKS.|
|T10K-10||preproduction (03-05)||07.1991 (?)||?||second static tests|
|Su-27K||Su-33||1991-1993||red two-digit: 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88||
Serial 26 aircrafts. First military pilot landing on air-carrier: Timur Apakidze. 09.1991. Based at Sevyeromorsk; Admiral Kuznyetsov; 279th Korabyelniy Istryebityelniy Avya Polk (KIAP) = Ship-based Fighter Air Regiment. In 07.2001 one (no. 70) crashed during air show in Ostrov - a legendary pilot Timur Apakidze died (commander of the 279 KIAP).
Late 2011 status:
December 2011: Center of Scientific and Technical Services "Dinamika" (Центр научно-технических услуг «Динамика») in Zhukovskiy (Жуковский) has prepared a training complex for the pilots and maintenance staff of the modernized Su-33. It's a deeply upgraded version of simulator built in 2002 in the Naval Air Conversion Training Center in Ostrov city.
February 2012: Russian Ministry of Defence signed a contract with RSK-MiG for 20 x MiG-29K and 4 x MiG-29KUB for Russian Navy; deliveries: 2012-2015. Aircrafts should replace Sukhoi Su-33 on board of the Admiral Kuznyetsov.
March 2012: In Yeysk (Ейск) ОАО "Корпорация "Трансстрой" (Trasstroy Corporation) from Moskva make a Центр боевого применения и подготовки лётного состава авиации ВМФ России (Center of Combat Applications and Training of Flying Personel of Russian Navy Aviation), including a ground analog of air-carrier deck (трамплин). End of the works expected in 2012, whole Center in 2015.
© 2008-2015 Mariusz Wojciechowski, Słupsk (Poland)