Sukhoi Su-27SK, Su-27UBK, Su-30MKK, Su-30MK2 (Su-30MKK2),
Shenyang J-11, JJ-11, J-11B, J-11BS, J-15

Data update:


Country / user:

Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo = People's Republic of China
Zhongguo Jiefangjun Kongjin = People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF)
and People's Liberation Navy Air Force (PLANAF)

In service:

Since 1991


about 30 x Su-27SK
40 x Su-27UBK
76 x Su-30MKK
24 x Su-30MK2 (Su-30MKK2)
unknown number of J-11 (about 105-110)
unknown number of J-11B


1991-92: 20 x Su-27SK + 4 + 2 x Su-27UBK
1996: 18 x Su-27SK + 6 x Su-27UBK
since 1998: unknown number of J-11 (about 105-110 from 200 planned is completed in 2008) produced by Shenyang AC
2000: 28 x Su-27UBK
2000-2002: 76 x Su-30MKK
2004: 24 x Su-30MK2 (Su-30MKK2)
since 2008: unknown number of J-11B produced by Shenyang AC


Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC): J-11, J-11B

Contract for:

2006: 24 x Su-30MK3 - canceled in 2007;
2006: 50 x Su-33 for Varyag air-carrier - canceled in 2007.
2007: China cancel all further contract and even stoped production of licensed J-11 (after 105 aircrafts), want to producing or to buy something much modern (maybe Su-35).


about dozen air regiments + Flight Test & Training Center @ Cangzhu-Cangxian

Bort numbers:

First system (blue digits, under cockpit bort number is painted, on tails bort number combined with regiment's number):

  • Su-27SK, Su-27UBK, Su-30MKK, Su-30MK2 (Su-30MKK2): two digits. Regiment's numbers are ABXCY where XY is first and second digit of bort number and ABC is number assigned to regiment.
    - 10X2Y - ?
    - 11X2Y - Anshan
    - 11X3Y - Liuzhou
    - 11X4Y - ?
    - 11X8Y - Zhangjiakou
    - 13X4Y - Lyancheng (Wu-hu in past) and Siuxi
    - 20X5Y - Nancheng-Xiantang
    - 30X0Y - Jining
    - 40X4Y - Chongqing
    - 14X3Y - ?
  • J-11, JJ-11: three digits. Regiment's numbers are ABYCZ where YZ is second and third digit of bort number and ABC is number assigned to regiment. Known bort numbers are: 650 651 686.
    - 16Y3Z - Siuxi
  • Su-30MKK: two digits from 01 to 76. Regiment's numbers are ABXCY where XY is first and second digit of bort number and ABC is number assigned to regiment. Some aircraft with only bort number XY without ABXCY.
    - 11Y4Z - ?
  • Su-30MK2 (Su-30MKK2): two digits from 01 to 24. Regiment's numbers are ABXCY where XY is first and second digit of bort number and ABC is number assigned to regiment.
    - 81Y4Z - ?

Second (new, used since about 2007) system (yellow digits only on tails):

  • Su-27SK, Su-27UBK, J-11, Su-30MKK: regiment's numbers are ABXCY where XY is first and second digit of bort number and ABC is number assigned to regiment.
    - 10X1Y - ?
    - 10X2Y - ?
    - 11X2Y - Anshan
    - 11X3Y - Liuzhou
    - 11X4Y - ? (Su-30MKK)
    - 20X5Y - Nancheng-Xiantang
    - 30X0Y - ?
    - 40X4Y - Chongqing
    - 61X8Y - ? (Su-30MKK)
  • : in 2007-2008 still old system
    - 81Y4Z - ?

Total 276 Su-27SK, Su-27UBK, J-11, JJ-11

  • Contract for first 20 x Su-27SK and 4 x Su-27UBK was signed in 1991. Aircrafts were delivered 1991-1992 to Wu-hu air base, later transfered to Lyancheng. Numbers are from 13041 to 13244 (numbers 01-24 was separated and inserted into 134). Two additional aircrafts (Su-27UBK: 13245, 13246) were used to training ground personnel. Two Su-27SK were destroyed in 1997, 6 were heavily damaged in 1998 by hurricane.
  • In 1996 second regiment was equipped with 18 x Su-27SK and 6 x Su-27UBK, numbered from 13247 to 13542. Air regiment in Siuxi.
  • Licensed versions of Su-27SK and Su-27UBK were initially assembled from Russian kits, then produced in Shenyang facilities. Named J-11 (J for Jianji-Ji = fighter aircraft or simply Jian = fighter) and JJ-11 for Su-27SK and Su-27UBK respectively. Production of 200 fighter since 1999, engines AL-31F are Russian.
  • Last delivered from Russia were 28 x Su-27UBK in 2000 to accelerate training.

    Sukhoi Su-27SK, 1996.
    Camouflage and marking on drawing is correct, as on all chinese drawings.

    Sukhoi Su-27UBK, 2000.

    Shenyang J-11, 2005.

    Overhauled Shenyang J-11, 2011.
    Slightly different painting scheme; anti-collision lights.

76 x Su-30MKK

  • Prototype design was prepared in 1998-1999 in KnAAPO as converted serial Su-27UB - it was very quick process, because a design of airframe was adopted from Su-27SK and Su-27M. Su-30MKK incorporated, without changes, Su-27M centre wing section, wing panels, air intakes, tail beams, fins and landing gear and the Su-27SK tail-end fuselage assemblies. Only nose part was new designed.
  • The first prototype was built in the Spring of 1999 (converted from serial Su-27UB taken by KnAAPO from 60th IAP based at Dzemgi airfield in Komsomolsk-on-Amur), maiden flight took place in 05.1999 by test pilots I.Ye. Solovyov (Sukhoi Design Bureau) and A.V. Pulenko (KnAAPO). Next three aircrafts were built as new in 2000 (numbers: 502, 503 and 504) and used as prototypes by Sukhoi Design Bureau for testing.

    First prototype Sukhoi Su-30MKK-1, 2000.

    First prototype Sukhoi Su-30MKK-1, 2001. New commercial style in Komsomolsk?

    First prototype Sukhoi Su-30MKK-1, 2006. Repainted after fire on board in 2005.

    1st so called pre-production (second prototype) Su-30MKK. In 2003 rebuilt to prototype of Su-30MK2.

    1st serial (third prototype) Su-30MKK, 2000, serial number 80-01. In 2003 rebuilt to prototype of Su-30MK2.

    2nd serial (fourth prototype) Su-30MKK, 2000, serial number 80-02. Probably in 2006 rebuilt to prototype of Su-30MK3.

  • December 2000: first ten Su-30MKK were delivered to Wu-hu air base. Avionics, all of Russian origin (unlike Indian Su-30MKI), are from Ramyenskoye RPKB.

    Chinese Su-30MKK, 2001.

    Chinese Su-30MKK. Flight Test & Training Center, Cangzhu air base.

    Chinese Su-30MKK, 2007.


    In 2012 four Su-30MKK were painted in two special schemes (pink-sand and pink-green) to playing the role of agressors in exercises. Shapes on four aircrafts were similar, but not identical.

    In July 2014 three Chinese Su-30MKK participated in Russian Aviadarts exercises: 78036, 78131, 78333. Darkrgray painting, anti-collision lights.

24 x Su-30MK2

  • January 2003 was signed contract for 24 x Su-30MK2 (sometimes called Su-30MKK2), upgraded version of Su-30MKK (weapons and equipment systems configuration) with antiship weapons. First six aircrafts were delivered between February and June 2004, one was destroyed in March 2004. They carry antiship missiles Kh-29MA and are in PLANAF inventory, Changsha air base. Contract was fully realised. Contract for next batch was canceled in 2006 (and aircrafts were quickly sold do Venezuela).

    Chinese Su-30MK2, 2007.

24 x Su-30MK3

  • Proposed to China improved variant of Su-30MK2 (sometimes called Su-30MKK3), developed since 2004, ordered (?) in 2006, canceled in 2007. As prototype served rebuilded aircraft no 504.

Serial J-11B and prototype J-11BS

  • SAC Shenyang J-11B it's a 90% chinese version of Su-27SK. Three prototypes were build between 2006 and May 2008. Numbers are: 523, 524 525. Chinese engines WS-10A Tai Hang, Chinese rockets PL (for PiLi = thunder). Russia accused China that produced since 2008 J-11B is illegal copy of Su-27SK. Prototype of two-seater J-11BS is developed since May 2008, based on avionics of Su-30MKK (but airframe of Su-27UBK!), also with WS-10 engines.

    First prototype of Chinese Shenyang J-11B, end of 2006.

    Serial production Shenyang J-11B, 2010.

J-15 Flying Shark - aircraft for Liaoning aircraft carrier

  • Prototype of J-15 is flying since the year 2010. It's a Chinese version of Su-27K, developed on base of one of prototypes of the Su-27K, bought in Ukraine in 2003 (T10K-3 or T10K-7).
  • One of the prototypes were painted in grey (no bort number) in Spring of the year 2010 (on photos from 2012 with red number 554 and shark painted on fuselage and on vertical fin, but it may be a fake photos).

    Chinese J-15, 2010.

  • Two prototypes (unpainted, red numbers 552 and 553) in the end of the year 2012 landing on deck of the Liaoning aircraft carrier.
  • Prototypes: 551, 552, 553, 554, 556 (WS-10 engines).
  • Serial production (known numbers, Oct 2014): 102, 103, ..., 107, 108.

Prototype J-15S - two-seat aircraft for Liaoning aircraft carrier

  • Prototype of J-15S is flying since the year 2012. Its airframe is a hybrid of Su-30MK2 with canard wings and landing gear of the J-15.

© 2008-2015 Mariusz Wojciechowski, Słupsk (Poland)